What are its benefits?

Students who receive Fundations instruction demonstrates:

· Larger gains in oral reading fluency.

· Improvement in phonemic awareness (phoneme segmentation).

· Improvement in phonological decoding (reading nonsense words).

· Significant gains in basic reading skills.

· Reduction in risk of later reading difficulties.

How Universal Literacy supports this program at PS 145?

Maintaining the goal of ensuring that all students are reading on grade level by the end of second grade; Universal literacy reading coaches help grade K-2 teachers build their knowledge base and skill level around instruction, curriculum, and assessment. Ongoing professional development as well as in-classroom demonstrations/modelling is provided to teachers for instructional growth.